Cloudstack 3.0.0 was release on Febrary 28th 2012. At the time I was trying to install version 2.2 on a VM. I was having a lot of trouble so seeing a new version was wonderful. The following is what I had to do in order to get the system setup. Hopfully this post will help you get Cloudstack running in your environment.

Setup procedures

To get started download the cloud management software and follow these steps. You will need the quick install guide to help you through the GUI part of the setup.

This assumes that you have an Ubuntu 10.04 Server running with NFS setup. Additionally you need at least 1 host with XenServer 6 installed. Also, all commands must be run as the root user. For this install I'm going to use the following values. Change the values to what you would use.

Desktop: myhost
Management Server: manhost
XenServer Host: xenhost
Management IPs: -
Guest IPs: - 39

Step 1 - Install Ubuntu 10.04 Server with NFS

Follow the guide I wrote on setting up NFS on ubuntu 10.04 server

Step 2 - Setup SELinux

Install the SElinux package and change to passive mode

apt-get install selinux-utils
setenforce permissive

Step 3 - Create Cloudstack NFS shares

Create two directories for sharing via NFS. I named mine the same as the documentation: primary and secondary. Then share these via NFS.

mkdir -p /export/primary
mkdir -p /export/secondary

Edit the file /etc/exports to add the following two exports

/export/primary *(rw,async,no_subtree_check,no_root_squash)
/export/secondary *(rw,async,no_subtree_check,no_root_squash)

Then run the exportfs -a command to expose them.

Step 4 - Setup Cloudstack management software

Copy the cloud management software to the Ubuntu box. I used scp to get this done.

scp myhost:CloudStack-3.0.0-1-ubuntu10.04.tar.gz manhost:

Once on the management server extract it and run the installer.

tar xzf CloudStack-3.0.0-1-ubuntu10.04.tar.gz
cd CloudStack-3.0.0-1-ubuntu10.04

The installer will first run aptitude update so make sure you have that setup correctly. This should have been done when you setup the Ubuntu box. After updating the components the install script will present you with a prompt to pick what component to install. At this prompt choose option M for the management server.

Step 5 - Setup Cloudstack database

This step is just as easy as the last step. The database server (MySql) will be installed via the same script used in the last step.


This will once again try to update all packages. They should be up to date, so you should not have to wait long for this to finish. You will then be given the same prompt from your last run. This time choose option D to install the database.

During the install of the database server you will be asked for a password. This is the password for the user named root on the database. This is not the same as the root user of the Ubuntu box. Pick a password that does not include an @ symbol. I at first used the password of p@ssword1. This caused so many headaches that its just not worth the workarounds. I went with a password of password1.

Once the database server is setup you need to create the databases used my the cloud management software.

cloud-setup-database cloud:password1@localhost --deploy-as=root:password1

This command will create two databases in MySQL and fill them will your systems data.

Step 6 - Finish Cloudstack management software setup

Finish the setup by running the management setup command line tool a second time. The command does a few things with iptables but it should all be transparent to you.


Step 7 - Add System VM image

Add the system VM to the secondary storage and database.

/usr/lib64/cloud/agent/scripts/storage/secondary/cloud-install-sys-tmplt -m /export/secondary -u -h xenserver -F

This will copy the system VM to the secondary storage location and setup database entries pointing to it. One of the gotchas I ran into was that the system VM image file must be access via HTTP. I first tried doing it as a local file since it is such a large file. I didn't want to download it from the Internet. Unfortanitly this does not work, so you must use a workaround. My desktop system is also a web server so I just put the system VM image there. You can also use the source URL instead of your local server. Make sure to use port 80 or it will not connect.


  • need more management ips than hosts so that support VMs can also have IPs
  • Removing VMs does not clean up IP resources for a long time. Need to change the expunge settings.